Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma
513.120 sq. km
Conditional reduction of currency
Climate, average max and min t°
humid tropical and subequatorial. Rainy season usually starts in May-June and may last till November; avg. maximum temperature (April) +36°; avg. minimum temperature (December) +15°
Time difference from Moscow
+ 4 hours
Thai 80%, Chinese 10%, other 10%
History of Thailand traces back to the Kingdom of Sukhothai, established in 1238. Thailand was heavily influenced by the culture and religions of China and India. Thailand is the only country in Southeast Asia, that has never been colonized. However, Thailand had to leave three southern provinces which later became northern states of Malaysia. It was caused by the interests of Great Britain which took efforts to conquer Thailand. In 1932, a bloodless revolution brought the country a constitutional monarchy. Known before as Siam, in 1939 Thailand got its modern name which was finally confirmed in 1949. In 2006, there was a military coup d'etat in Thailand. In 2008, the power transitioned to the new government headed by Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej, who was removed by the court’s order. At present, the country is governed by the King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
Government of Thailand (the Cabinet) headed by Prime Minister
National Assembly: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Court of Justice (Court of First Instance, Court of Appeal and Supreme Court of Justice), Administrative Court, Constitutional Court
GDP per capita rank
Corruption perceptions index rank