GSL / Foreign Companies Audit / Audit Bahrain

Bahrain company audit, financial statements, accounting, consulting in Bahrain

Bahrain’s Commercial Companies Law requires that all joint stock companies, limited liability companies and one-person companies be audited annually.

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Service packages Legislation Tax System Audit Services
Keeping the company's accounting records

Maintaining a systematic archive of company documents and providing them to the client upon request

(Depending on the type of work and qualifications of the person employed, but not less than 1 900 USD)

100 - 400 USD per hour
Preparation and submission of accounts, audit
100 - 400 USD per hour
Registration of a company for VAT
850 USD
Preparation and submission of VAT returns
200 USD per hour
Tax advice on VAT-related and other matters
from 300 USD per hour
Any additional services at the client’s request
200 USD per hour

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The calculator allows you to calculate the approximate cost of maintenance of accounting services to support and audit the company.

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General requirements

Offshore companies in Bahrain are regulated by the Commercial Companies Law 2001.

All companies must prepare their financial statements in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Small and medium-sized enterprises can use simplified IFRS.

The Bahrain Commercial Companies Law (article 286) requires each incorporated company to keep proper accounting records and present financial statements to the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism (MOICT):

  • balance sheet,
  • profit and loss statement and
  • director’s report for every financial year.

Bahrain also has free economic zones (FEZ):

  • Bahrain International Investment Park (BIIP);
  • Bahrain Logistics Zone (BLZ);
  • Bahrain International Airport (BIA);
  • Khalifa Bin Salman Port (KBSP);
  • Bahrain Investment Wharf (BIW).

Financial statements shall be in Bahraini dinars (BD) and in Arabian.

The following types of legal entities must file financial statements:

  • General Partnership Company;
  • Limited Partnership Company;
  • Association in Participation;
  • Joint Stock Company;
  • Limited Partnership by Shares;
  • Limited Liability Company;
  • Single Person Company;
  • Holding Company.

All enterprises whose annual taxable turnover exceeds 37 500 BHD must get registered for VAT purposes within 30 days after the date the threshold is exceeded or expected to be exceeded.

Audit of accounts

The Bahrain Commercial Companies Law requires all joint stock companies, limited partnership companies and single person companies to get audited annually.

Auditors shall be appointed at the annual general meeting of shareholders.

The audit firm must be licensed by the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism (MOICT).

An audited annual return must be prepared in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).

There is an additional requirement for joint stock companies listed on the Bahrain Bourse (BHB) to publish quarterly audited financial statements.

A company has the right to not be audited if:

  • the company is new;
  • it is the company’s first financial year;
  • it is the company’s first financial year after it changed its legal form to a type of company that is required by law to file an annual return.

Time frame for preparation and submission of financial statements

The board of directors shall publish the balance sheet, profit and loss statement and resume of annual return of the directors as well as the complete auditors’ report in one of local daily newspapers in Arabian at least 15 days before the general meeting of shareholders.

Within 6 months after the end of the financial year, companies must file accounts with the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism. Therefore, the due date for filing accounts is 30 June.

Companies must file an estimated profit tax return not later than on the 15th day of the third month of the tax year (calendar year).

VAT returns must be filed quarterly or monthly (enterprises with taxable turnover exceeding 3 000 000 BHD).

Enterprises with taxable turnover under 100 000 BHD can file returns on a yearly basis.

A VAT return must be filed online via the portal of the National Bureau for Revenue (NBR): the filing and payment must be completed by the last day of the month following the end of the reporting period.

Liability for late filing

Failure to file audited financial statements on time (by 30 June) will impede renewal of the company’s commercial registration in the online system of the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism (MOICT).

Failure to file value-added tax (VAT) returns and to pay the due tax on time can result in significant fines of up to 25% of the amount of the due tax.

Consolidated financial statements

Requirements regarding preparation of consolidated financial statements are regulated by the global International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).

Frequency Asked Questions

What accounting standards are used in Bahrain?
The Kingdom of Bahrain has its own set of accounting standards called the Bahrain Financial Reporting Standards (BFRS), which are based on International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and are developed by the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI). BFRS are applicable to all companies registered in Bahrain, including Islamic financial institutions.
When did Bahrain adopt IFRS?
Bahrain adopted IFRS in 2010. The Central Bank of Bahrain (CBB) issued the Accounting and Auditing Standards Module (Module) which mandated the use of IFRS for all financial institutions and listed companies in Bahrain.
What are the professional accountancy bodies in Bahrain?
The two primary professional accountancy bodies in Bahrain are the Bahrain Institute of Banking and Finance (BIBF) and the Institute of Management Accountants (IMA) Bahrain Chapter.
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