GSL / International Taxation / Austria-GmbH

Austria tax system - taxation of Austrian GmbH companies and individuals: VAT, income tax and capital gains. Tax treaties of Austria

Austria has an extensive tax system, including corporate income tax, personal income tax and VAT. Individuals and companies residing or doing business in the country are subject to taxes. Business income is subject to corporate tax, while personal income is subject to personal income tax. Tax revenues are used to finance education, health care and other social programs in Austria.

Service packages «Austria-AG» Service packages «Austria-GmbH» Legislation Tax System Audit Services

Taxes of Austria

Сorporate tax
Capital gains tax
23% (dividend), 0% (interest), 20% (royalty)
Withholding tax
Exchange control

Basic taxes (briefly)

Personal tax
Corporate tax (in detail)
The income tax rate in Austria is 23%
Capital gains tax. Details
Capital gains are usually taxed as part of the gains at the standard rate of 23%
VAT. Details
The standard VAT rate is 20%. Reduced rates of 10% and 13% apply to certain goods and services
Other taxes
Real estate tax, transfer tax, social security contribution
Government fee
Rates vary depending on the operation
Stamp duty

Austria uses a Euro-continental model of taxation, where a significant portion of the population's tax money is allocated to social insurance. These funds are used to finance medical care, pension payments, unemployment benefits and other social needs.

Personal Income Tax in Austria

Various sources of income are subject to taxation in Austria, including wages, pensions, income of self-employed citizens, business activities, rental income from real estate, investment income, dividends from companies with more than 25% ownership, income from agriculture and forestry, as well as other activities such as the sale of real estate or intermediary services.

The taxation system in Austria is progressive, which means that the tax rate depends on the level of income: the higher the income, the higher the tax rate. The maximum income tax rate for tax residents of Austria is 55%.

In practice, income tax for employees is withheld and paid by the employer. If there are several sources of income, citizens need to file a tax return, in which all sources of income are indicated.

Residents are subject to income tax on their worldwide income, while nonresidents on income from Austrian sources.

Income tax in Austria is levied at the following rates:

  • 0% - on income up to EUR 12 465;
  • 20% - on income from EUR 12 465 to 20 397;
  • 30% - on income from EUR 20 397 to 34 192;
  • 40% - on income from EUR 34 192 to 66 178 EUR;
  • 48% - on income from EUR 66 178 EUR to 99 266;
  • 50% - of income from EUR 99 266 to 1 000 000;
  • 55% - on income over EUR 1 000 000.

In Austria, there are certain types of payments that are exempt from taxation. These include childcare allowances, disability pensions and tips.

Corporate Income Tax in Austria

A company is considered tax resident in Austria if it has its place of effective management in Austria or is incorporated in Austria.

Resident companies pay tax on their worldwide income. Nonresident companies only pay tax on income derived from sources in Austria.

The Austrian corporate tax rate is 23%.

The minimum corporate tax for a GmbH is 437.50 EUR for each full quarter of the year. However, for GmbH founded after June 30, 2013, the minimum corporate tax is 125 EUR for each full quarter for the first 5 years and 250 EUR for the following 5 years.

Capital gains are usually taxed as part of profit at the standard corporate tax rate of 23%.

Profits from the sale of foreign company shares are exempt from tax if the shareholding is not less than 10% and the ownership period is not less than a year. There are also exemptions for dividends.

Global Minimum Tax (Pillar 2)

The Minimum Tax Law implements EU Directive N 2022/2523 of December 14, 2022 on the global minimum tax into national law. Large groups of companies with net sales of at least EUR 750 000 000 000 in 2 out of the last 4 financial years are subject to the law, regardless of whether the group is exclusively national or multinational.

A global minimum tax rate of 15% is enforced through the Income Inclusion Rules (IIR) and from 2025 also through the Undertaxed Tax Payment on Profits Rules (UTPR). For Austrian founders with an effective tax rate below 15%, a domestic tax on gains (QDMTT) is introduced prior to the IIR and UTPR. This prevents the outflow of the Austrian tax base to the jurisdiction of the foreign ultimate parent company. On the other hand, the tax on the domestic tax base increase results in Austrian companies that are part of groups of foreign companies also having to comply with the relevant Austrian obligations.

The new rules are effective as of January 1, 2024.

Social Security Contributions

In Austria, social contributions are split between the employee (18.12%) and the employer (21.23%). These contributions are intended to cover sickness, accidents, unemployment support and pension provision.

Social security contributions in relation to the employee’s remuneration are paid at the following rates:

Employer’s contribution
Employee’s contribution

Contributions are paid on a maximum salary of 5 370 per month.

In addition, employers pay a Family Burdens Equalisation Levy of 3,9%, a municipal payroll tax at a rate of 3%, a mandatory pension fund contribution at a rate of 1,53%, and a number of others.

Withholding Tax

Dividends paid to international companies are subject to withholding tax at the rate of 23%.

Interest paid to international companies is not subject to withholding tax unless the loans are secured by Austrian real estate.

Royalties paid to foreign legal entities are subject to withholding tax at the rate of 20%.

Withholding taxes may be reduced under the relevant double tax treaties and EU Directives.

VAT in Austria

The standard VAT rate is 20%. The reduced rates of 10% and 13% apply to certain goods and services.

Property Tax

Local authorities have the right to levy tax on Austrian real estate. The tax base is determined by special rules, the effective tax rates are determined depending on the purpose of use and several other factors.

Property Transfer Tax

This tax is usually levied at the rate of 3,5% on the transfer of ownership of Austrian real estate.

There are exemptions (e.g., when transferring rights to real estate as a gift) and reliefs.

When registering ownership of real estate, a fee of 1,1% is charged.

Transfer of shares in companies and partnerships owning Austrian real estate may attract a 0.5% tax.

Car Taxes

The value added tax (VAT) on the purchase of a car in Austria is 20% of its value, regardless of whether the car is new or used. This tax must be paid by the buyer immediately upon purchase.

The registration tax is standard and amounts to 195.5 € for any type of car.

Compulsory liability insurance, as in Russia, is also present in Austria. Its cost varies from 60 to 150 € per month and depends on the type of car and tariffs of the insurance company.

Fuel consumption tax is calculated individually, taking into account the amount of carbon dioxide emitted by the car. Usually this tax is already included in the total price of the car and no additional payment is required. Owners of electric cars and hybrids are exempt from this tax.

The transportation tax depends on the engine displacement and is paid annually. The minimum rate for passenger cars is 6.2 € when paid a year in advance.

For driving on Austrian highways and expressways, a road tax is levied, which is paid by purchasing a special vignette sticker.

Stamp Duty

Stamp duty applies to a number of transactions for which contracts are signed. The rates vary depending on the transaction.

Capital tax is levied at a rate of 1% on mandatory contributions from shareholders and on voluntary or hidden capital contributions to Austrian companies.

CFC Rules

A controlled foreign company is a foreign legal entity taxed at a low tax rate (less than 50% of Austrian tax), in which an Austrian company owns, directly or indirectly, individually or together with related parties, more than 50% of the capital.

CFC rules have a number of exemptions.

The undistributed profit of a CFC is included in the tax base of the Austrian parent company if this profit arises from tax evasion transactions. The analysis of transactions for these purposes takes into account the functions performed in Austria for the controlled company.

International tax treaties

Austria has signed 92 Double Tax Treaties (DTC) and 7 Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEA) with the following jurisdictions:

92: Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam.

7: Andorra, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey, Mauritius, Monaco, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

Austria has also signed and ratified the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (MLI). The Multilateral Convention entered into force for Austria on July 1, 2018.

Foreign exchange control

There are no foreign exchange controls in Austria.

Frequency Asked Questions about Taxes in Austria

When does a private person become obliged to pay taxes in Austria?
In Austria, individuals acquire tax liability depending on their status and sources of income. Austrian residents are liable to tax on income, including wages and salaries and other sources of income. Non-residents may also be subject to tax depending on their income derived from sources in Austria. Employees and entrepreneurs may also be subject to social contributions. Obligations may vary depending on individual circumstances.
What is the 13th salary in Austria?
In Austria, the 13th salary, often referred to as the "Christmas bonus" or "holiday allowance," is a special additional payment that is common in many Austrian employment contracts. It is typically paid out in December, right before the Christmas holiday season. The 13th salary is equivalent to one month's salary and is intended to provide employees with extra funds for holiday expenses and celebrations. It is a form of additional compensation beyond the regular monthly salary. The payment of the 13th salary is a customary practice in Austria and is outlined in many employment contracts or collective agreements.
How do I get a TIN in Austria?
In Austria, the Tax Identification Number (TIN) is known as the "Steuernummer" or "Steuernummer für Körperschaften" for legal entities. For individuals, it is usually referred to as "Sozialversicherungsnummer" or "Versicherungsnummer." Here are the general steps to obtain a TIN in Austria. For Individuals: The TIN is assigned automatically when you register with the social insurance system. When you start working, your employer will take care of your social insurance registration, and you will be assigned a TIN. For Legal Entities: Legal entities need to register with the tax authorities. This is usually done through the district tax office ("Finanzamt") responsible for the location of the company.
Compare Jurisdictions
    Your Consultant
    Поиск консультанта...

    Поиск консультанта...

    Need a consultation from a specialist?
    Share on social media:

    News related to Austria

    RU EN