Private Company Registration in Sweden - Business Starting & Setup

Want to set up a Private firm in Sweden? We can assist you in starting a business or in buying a shelf Private company in Sweden with a full package of necessary documents, legal advice and follow-up support. Incorporation of a Private firm in Sweden includes provision of a registered office (for at least 1 year in any of our service plans), an apostilled set of constitutional documents, secretarial services and assistance with compliance fee and pre-approval for opening an account in banks of Sweden. The total price of a Private company formation in Sweden includes all necessary fees and charges for the first year of operation, as well as full one-year nominee service (package Optimum).

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Service packages «Sweden-Public» Service packages «Sweden-Private» Legislation Tax System Audit Services
Service packages
Express
Standard
Optimum
Company registration
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Legal address per year
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Secretarial services for the first year
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Fees and duties for the first year
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Apostilled bound set of incorporation documents
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Compliance fee
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Nominee service per year
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Bank Account Pre-approval
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Price
25 930 USD

25 930 USD

26 430 USD

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Corporate information

There are two forms of Limited Liability Company in Sweden:

  1. Private Limited Liability Company (Private LLC);
  2. Public Limited Liability Company (Public LLC).

The advantage of the Limited Liability Company in Sweden is that it provides the best financial protection for a private person. There is a clear dividing line between the business enterprise and its owners.

The influence of the Shareholders in a Limited Liability Company is in relation to their shares.

It is also one of the most favorable forms from the point of view of taxation. A Limited Liability Company may have a split financial year, which can facilitate financial planning with regard of taxes, credits, salaries and interest.

Private Limited Liability Company

The vast majority of international companies choose to set up a Private Limited Liability Company. Private LLC cannot offer its shares to the public on the stock exchange or any other organized market.

Minimum share capital is 50,000 SEK (approx. 6,110 EUR).

The Board of Directors of a Private Limited Liability Company must have at least one Director + one Deputy Director. If there are three Directors or more, it is not necessary to appoint a Deputy Director. The number of Directors and Deputy Directors must be stated in the Articles of Association (Bolagsordning).

Private LLC vs. Public LLC

Private LLC
Public LLC
Company name
AB
AB (publ.)
Purpose
Suitable for even the smallest companies
Standard format for large companies
Minimum Share Capital
The minimum share capital required is 50,000 SEK (approx. 6,110 EUR)
The minimum share capital required is 500,000 SEK (approx. 61,100 EUR)
Shares
The shares cannot be sold on the stock market; cannot be offered to public
The shares can be issued on the stock market; can be offered to public
Board of Directors
one Director plus one Deputy Director
At least three members; optional amount of Deputy members
Chairman of the Board
Can be appointed if the Board consists of more than one member
Compulsory
Managing Director
Optional (may be the same person as Chairman of the Board)|
Compulsory (not the same person as Chairman of the Board)

Registration

Registration of LLC in Sweden

There are several stages of registration of a Private Limited Liability Company in Sweden:

  • set of document preparation;
  • opening of bank account and payment of the initial amount for the shares;
  • registration with the Swedish Companies Registration Office;
  • F-tax registration with the Swedish Tax Agency;
  • VAT registration with the Swedish Tax Agency (if required);
  • registration as an employer.

A Limited Liability Company must be registered with the Swedish Companies Registration Office. A Limited Liability Company only becomes a legal person when it has been registered with the Swedish Companies Registration Office. Registration provides nationwide protection of the company name.

When starting a Limited Liability Company, you will need to apply for F-tax and VAT registration and register as an employer.

Registration with the Swedish Companies Registration Office

First of all, it is necessary to fill the Application form for registration to the Swedish Companies Registration Office (Bolagsverket) to form your Private LLC in Sweden with the enclosed set of documents. The document must be in Swedish.

Thereby to form your LLC in Sweden the following documents are required:

  • Application form for registration (Registreringsanmalan);
  • passport copies (certified true copies);
  • specimen signatures;
  • bank reference/recommendation letter;
  • utility bill to confirm residency;
  • Articles of Association (Bolagsordning);
  • Memorandum of Association (Stiftelseurkund);
  • Protocol of Distribution of Shares (Protokoll fran konstituerande bolagsstamma);
  • written statement from the bank assuring that the initial amount for the shares has been paid (Bankintyg);
  • Power of Attorney (Fullmakt): in the case of Company registration by a legal representative.

The registration procedure of a Company can be performed by a legal representative appointed by Power of Attorney without visit of the Client to Sweden.

In the case when a non-resident company be the Shareholder of the Company to be incorporated it is also required:

  • Certificate of Incorporation (certified true copy by the Companies House or by a Lawyer or Public Notary using his/her seal or stamp);
  • Articles of Incorporation (certified true copy by the Companies House or by a Lawyer or Public Notary using his/her seal or stamp indicating clearly the current ultimate Beneficial owner/s and/or Shareholder/s and Director/s of the company);
  • Certificate of Good Standing;
  • Share Register to be signed by the Company Secretary confirming the Shareholder/s of the Company and the share certificates in respect of each Shareholder;
  • Bank reference (recommendation) letter for the Company.

All documents are to be provided in the original or as copies duly authenticated and certified by a Lawyer or a Public Notary using his/her seal or stamp.

Memorandum of Association

The founders draw up and sign a Memorandum of Association. Only the founders are permitted to subscribe to the shares. Private LLC may not offer its shares to the public.

The Memorandum of Association must contain the following information:

  • details of how much is to be paid for each share;
  • company name;
  • name, personal ID number, and postal address of each Board member, deputy and Auditor.

The company is formed when the Memorandum of Association has been signed by all founders; however the Limited Liability Company becomes a legal entity on the date on which it is registered at the Swedish Companies Registration Office.

Articles of Association

The Articles of Association of Private LLC must contain the following information:

  • company name;
  • location in Sweden of the registered office of the company;
  • object of business;
  • share capital;
  • number of shares;
  • number of Board members;
  • number of deputy Board members;
  • number of Auditors;
  • how the general Shareholder’s meetings will be convened;
  • financial year.

Registration with the Swedish Tax Agency

After the registration with the Swedish Companies Registration Office it is necessary to register with the Swedish Tax Agency (Skatteverket) before starting a business:

  • F-tax registration;
  • VAT registration (if required);
  • registration as an employer.

The registration procedure of a Company can be performed by a legal representative appointed by Power of Attorney.

Swedish Tax Agency is responsible for administration of taxes in Sweden. All physical and legal persons have their own tax account at the Swedish Tax Agency where all tax payments are recorded.

F-tax Certificate

Starting a business, it is necessary to apply to the Swedish Tax Agency for an F-tax certificate which signifies that you are an entrepreneur who is responsible for paying your own taxes and contributions. When clients engage you they are sure that they will not be liable for your taxes and contributions.

In the cases when taxes are not declared or paid the F-certificate may be withdrawn by the Swedish Tax Agency.

The fact that the Limited Liability Company has F-tax certificate should be indicated in different types of business documents. In practice, there is usually the note on company’s invoices – “F-tax certificate holder”.

VAT registration

VAT is paid by natural or legal persons selling goods or services which are subject to VAT in Sweden.

Registration as an Employer

Having registered as an employer, the Company pays the employer contribution. The Swedish Tax Agency issues a registration certificate; it also automatically sends the documents for reporting and paying employer contributions and deduct tax for employees.

There are two forms of employment in Sweden:

  • indefinite employment: it is the permanent employment;
  • temporary employment: it is an employment for some period of time.

Employment is always indefinite unless otherwise agreed. It means that if the employment is temporary it must be clear from a written employment contract.

Shelf Companies

The easiest and most common way to set up a Private LLC in Sweden is to use a “shelf company”. It gives quick access to a new, pre-registered LLC that has not previously traded or been engaged in commercial activity.

There are several stages of purchasing of a shelf company in Sweden:

  • conclusion of Share Purchase Agreement;
  • transferring of share capital to a bank Account specially opened for the Company;
  • changing of the Article of Association to reflect the nature of the business: decision should be made at an extraordinary General Meeting;
  • appointment of a new Board of Directors and Chairman of the Board of Directors and Managing Director (where applicable);
  • changing of company name;
  • registration of changes with the Swedish Companies Registration Office (Bolagsverket).

Company Name

The company name of Private LLC is registered with the Swedish Companies Registration Office to ensure it will not be taken by another business.

Certain rules are applied for company name:

  • it must not be similar to any other registered company name or trademark;
  • it must not be misleading;
  • it must do more than merely describe the business activity.

All company names must include the Swedish word for Limited Liability Company – "aktiebolag", or its abbreviated form, "AB".

The registered business name of a Private LLC in Sweden is protected throughout the country.

The possibility of using one or another company name can be checked at the website of the Swedish Companies Registration Office. You can get an approval or rejection in a day.

It is possible to use such words as “Group”, “Financial”, “International”, “Limited”, and “Ltd.” in the company name.

Business Documents

In most cases there are no formal requirements regarding the design and layout of business documents.

Written Agreements

Agreements may be concluded verbally or in written form. Some agreements, such as property transfers and collective agreements have to be in writing.

In practice, many agreements are concluded verbally. However, a written agreement reduces the risk of the parties interpreting the content of the agreement differently.

Special Requirements for LLC

There are special requirements regarding the content of a LLC's business documents and website. They should provide with the following information:

  • full company name as it appears on the Certificate of Incorporation;
  • seat of the board as laid down in the Articles of Association;
  • corporate identification number.

Local Registered Office

In Sweden it is required to have a local registered office for the companies. Thereby, LLC must have its legal address in Sweden.

Seal

There are no requirements for Swedish companies concerning the Seal.

Redomicile

The redomiciliation of companies is permissible to all countries within European Union.

Company Structure

Directors

The minimum number of Directors in Swedish Private LLC is one plus one deputy.

Corporate Directors are not permissible. There are publicly accessible records of Directors in Sweden and information is also disclosed to local agent. The minimum number Meetings of Directors is one meeting in a year.

A Limited Liability Company is formed by one or more founders, who must meet certain qualification requirements.

A founder must be:

  • a person resident in the European Economic Area (“EEA”), or;
  • a Swedish legal entity, or;
  • a legal entity established in the EEA having its seat and head office or its main activities in the EEA.

The Managing Director of a Swedish Limited Liability Company must be resident in the EEA. However, the Registration Office may grant an exemption from this requirement.

If none of the representatives of the company is resident in Sweden, the Board of Directors shall appoint a person resident in Sweden authorised to accept service on behalf of the company.

A majority of the Directors, and the Managing Director, must be resident in the EEA, unless an exception is granted by the Registration Office.

Board of Directors

The Board of Directors is in charge of the organization and management of the company.

The Board of Directors is in charge of:

  • convening of the General Meeting of Shareholders;
  • ensuring that taxes are paid in due time;
  • preparing and filing annual accounts with Swedish Companies Registration Office;
  • reporting any changes in the company;
  • appointment of the Managing Director (if required);
  • appointment of the Chairman of the Board of Directors (if the Board comprises more than one member): he leads the work of the Board and ensures that the Board performs its duties.

Power to Sign

The Board convenes the General Meeting of Shareholders and decides who is authorized to represent the Company, i.e. power to sign. If no individual is registered as having power to sign, the Board is entitled to sign on the Company’s behalf, more than half of the Board members must sign jointly.

Secretary

There are no requirements for Sweden Companies concerning the Secretary. The appointment of a company Secretary is optional.

Shareholders

The minimum number of Shareholders in Sweden companies is one. It is an advantage that there are residency requirements for Shareholders. Shareholders may reside in any country. Corporate Shareholders are permissible. There are publicly accessible records of Shareholders; the information is also disclosed to local agent. The minimum number of meetings of Shareholders is one meeting in a year.

The Board of Directors must draw up a Share Register and a List of Shareholders. The Share Register is a public document and must be kept available to the public at the Company’s Office.

There are no restrictions on the number, or the nationality, of Shareholders.

Beneficiary

In 2017, a new law came into force in Sweden that obliges legal entities to provide information about their beneficiaries to the Swedish Company Registration Service (Bolagsverket). The law implements the Fourth EU Anti-Money Laundering Directive into Swedish law.

Legal entities are obliged to obtain reliable information about the beneficiaries and the nature and extent of the actual owner's interest in the legal entity and then transmit it to Bolagsverket.

Legal entities must also inform Bolagsverket immediately if there are any changes.

If incomplete notification, incorrect information, failure to provide notice on time, or failure to provide notice of beneficial ownership at all, Bolagsverket may impose a fine on the legal entity with an order to provide notice. If the notice is then not provided, the fine may be increased.

Shares and Share Capital

The standard currency of Shares and Share capital of the Company is Swedish krona. The minimum authorized share capital for Private Limited Liability Company is 50,000 SEK (approx. 6,110 EUR); the minimum issued share capital is 50,000 SEK (approx. 6,110 EUR); the standard minimum paid up capital is 50,000 SEK (approx. 6,110 EUR). Apart from that, the owners have no personal responsibility for the company’s debts or other obligations, but there are certain exemptions. The Board of Directors and the Managing Director have extensive responsibility and in certain cases these persons can become personally liable for the company’s debts.

Standard par value of shares is 1 SEK (approx. 0.12 EUR). Shares with no par value and bearer shares are not permitted.

Public Access to Information

Swedish Companies Registration Office must announce the registration entries of new Companies in the Swedish Official Gazette (Post-och Inrikes Tidningar).

Information from Swedish Companies Registration Office

On the website of the Swedish Companies Registration Office you may search for and obtain the latest information on more than one million Swedish enterprises. The information may be paid by card and will be delivered by e-mail in a few minutes.

The accessible information:

  • Annual Report;
  • Articles of Association;
  • Certificate of Registration in Swedish or English.

Information from Swedish Trade and Industry Register

On payment of a fee, at the public database of the Trade and Industry Register it is possible to obtain the following information:

  • corporate mortgage on the business, if any;
  • who has been on the Board through the years;
  • certificates of different kinds;
  • copies of documents (Minutes of the annual general meeting or of Board meetings);
  • applications filed with the Swedish Companies Registration Office by Company.

It is also possible to order the certificates of different kinds. The information obtained varies according to the certificate requested. Copies of documents such as minutes may also be ordered.

The fee may be paid in a bank to the Trade and Industry Register’s account.

Core Services

The cost for incorporation of the company (AB) in Sweden including the corporate legal service for the second year is 24 350 USD (19 450 EUR):

— Incorporation of AB in Sweden

Price21 400 EUR

including the preparation of basic set of documents for registration, registration of board of directors and accountant(s) incl. registration office fees, entries in the share register, first sending of corporate documents, including Compliance fee

— Corporate legal services per year

Price8 030 EUR

including: registered address, one nominee board member and one nominee deputy director, Bank Account, Correspondence with the Tax Agency and the Companies Registration Office, Documented board meetings and general meetings, Other corporate matters, NOT including Compliance fee

— Apostilled set of Statutory documents

Price500 EUR

Basic set of documents

Application for Registration with Swedish Companies Registration Office

It is filled to the Swedish Companies Registration Office

Certificate of Incorporation

It is issued by the Swedish Companies Registration Office after registration

Memorandum of Association

It includes details of how much is to be paid for each share, company name, information about the members of the Board of Directors, Deputies, Auditors

Articles of Association

It includes company name, address of the registered office, object of business, share capital, company's structure

Power of Attorney

It is issued to perform the registration procedure by legal representative
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    Annual accounting service

    (including: opening up and administering of the company’s bank account, invoicing and payments, current recording of transactions and financial administration, current reports of profit/loss and balance, annual reports, annual accounts and periodic reports, tax returns (incl. Value Added Tax) and income-tax returns)

    Compliance fee

    Compliance fee is payable in the cases of: renewal of a company, liquidation of a company, transfer out of a company, issue of a power of attorney to a new attorney, change of director / shareholder / BO (except the change to a nominee director / shareholder)

    Basic

    Price250 USD

    simple company structure with only 1 physical person

    For legal entity in structure under GSL administration

    Price50 USD

    additional compliance fee for legal entity in structure under GSL administration (per 1 entity)

    For legal entity in structure not under GSL administration

    Price100 USD

    additional compliance fee for legal entity in structure NOT under GSL administration (per 1 entity)

    For client with high risk Status

    Price350 USD

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