Oceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls, each made up of many small islets, and five single islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia
Conditional reduction of currency
Climate, average max and min t°
Tropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November; islands border typhoon belt; avg. maximum temperature +30°; avg. minimum temperature +25°
Time difference from Moscow
+ 9 hours
Marshallese 92.1%, mixed Marshallese 5.9%, other 2%
Evidence suggests that around 3,000 years ago successive waves of human migrants from Southeast Asia spread across the Western Pacific populating its many small islands. The Marshall Islands were settled by Micronesians in the 2nd millennium BC. Little is known of the islands' early history.
Spanish explorer Alonso de Salazar was the first European to see the islands in 1526. He sighted an island (probably Taongi), at 14°N that he named "San Bartolome". Captain John Charles Marshall, together with Thomas Gilbert, came to the islands in 1788. Around 1820, Russian explorer Adam Johann von Krusenstern and the French explorer Louis Isidore Duperrey later named the islands after John Marshall, and drew maps of the islands. Later, the Marshall Islands were controlled by different countries: in 1886 by Germany, in 1914 – by Japan, which continued to control the islands after the World War 1 under the mandate of the League of Nations. The islands signed a Compact of Free Association with the United States in 1986. The Marshall Islands is the member of the UN, South Pacific Commission and Pacific Islands Forum.
Constitutional government in free association with the USA
President (the head of state) and the Cabinet of Ministers
Parliament, comprised by two houses Council of Iroji (Upper House) and Nijitela (Lower House)
Supreme Court, High Court, Traditional Rights Court, District Courts, Community Courts
GDP per capita rank
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