in the Pacific Ocean between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia
Conditional reduction of currency
Climate, average max and min t°
marine subtropical; temperature almost never falls below 10°С or rises above 26°С.
Time difference from Moscow
+ 7 hours
English and Norf'k
Most islanders are of either European-only (mostly British) or combined European–Tahitian ancestry
The history of Norfolk Island dates back to the fourteenth or fifteenth century when it was settled by Polynesian seafarers. The first European known to have sighted the island was Captain James Cook, in 1774. In 1786 the British government included Norfolk Island as an auxiliary settlement in the plan for colonization of New South Wales. The decision to settle Norfolk Island was taken due to Empress Catherine II of Russia's decision to restrict sales of hemp. Practically all the hemp and flax required by the Royal Navy for cordage and sailcloth was imported from Russia. Norfolk Island was a colony of the British Empire ruled by an appointed Governor appointed by the British Crown. As early as 1794, it was suggested to close the island as a penal settlement, as it was too remote and difficult for shipping and too costly to maintain. As a result, the island was abandoned. In 1856, the next settlement began on Norfolk Island. After the creation of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901, Norfolk Island was placed under the authority of the new Commonwealth government to be administered as an external territory. In 1979, Norfolk was granted limited self-government by Australia, under which the island elects a government that runs most of the island's affairs. As such, residents of Norfolk Island are not represented in the Commonwealth Parliament of Australia, making them the only group of residents of an Australian state or territory not represented there.
Executive Council: Chief Minister and other ministers
Legislative Assembly (9 seats)
Supreme Court of Norfolk Island
GDP per capita rank
Corruption perceptions index rank