Cayman Islands


Islands Cayman Brac and Little Cayman were discovered by Christopher Columbus on May 10, 1503 during his fourth expedition to the New World. England took formal control of the Cayman Islands, along with Jamaica, as a result of the Treaty of Madrid of 1670. Following several unsuccessful attempts at settlement, a permanent English-speaking population in the islands dates from the 1730s. The islands continued to be governed as part of the Colony of Jamaica until 1962, when they became a separate Crown colony while Jamaica became an independent Commonwealth realm. The Cayman Islands historically have been a tax-exempt destination. The islands have never levied income tax, capital gains tax, or any wealth tax, making them a popular tax haven.

Service packages

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Service item Express Standard Optimum
Company registration
Legal address per year
Secretarial services for the first year
Fees and duties for the first year
Apostilled bound set of incorporation documents
Compliance fee
Nominee service per year
Bank Account Pre-approval
Price

6 200 USD

12 605 USD

13 105 USD

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Core Services

6 200 USD

— Incorporation

including incorporation tax, state registry fee, including Compliance fee

including

— Annual government fees

Stamp Duty and Registrar incorporation fee

5 780 USD

— Corporate legal services

including registered address and registered agent, NOT including Compliance fee

170 USD

—Delivery of documents by courier mail

DHL or TNT, at cost of a Courier Service

2 180 USD

— Apostilled set of Statutory documents

Optional services

375 USD

Nominee Shareholder

Paid-up “nominee shareholder” set includes the following documents

Related services

4 950 USD

Tax Certificate

Company’s tax residence certificate for access to double tax treaties network

Certificate of Good Standing

Document issued by a state agency in some countries (Registrar of companies) to confirm a current status of a body corporate. A company with such certificate is proved to be active and operating.

Certificate of Incumbency

Compliance fee

Compliance fee is payable in the cases of: renewal of a company, liquidation of a company, transfer out of a company, issue of a power of attorney to a new attorney, change of director / shareholder / BO (except the change to a nominee director / shareholder)

150 USD

Basic

simple company structure with only 1 physical person

50 USD

For legal entity in structure under GSL administration

additional compliance fee for legal entity in structure under GSL administration (per 1 entity)

100 USD

For legal entity in structure not under GSL administration

additional compliance fee for legal entity in structure NOT under GSL administration (per 1 entity)

250 USD

For client with high risk Status

Cost of incorporation, including first year servicing 6200
Cost of nominee director services per year, including an apostilled set of documents 4950
Cost of nominee shareholder services per year, including an apostilled set of documents 1455
Cost of annual service, starting from the second year 5780
Open account in 28693
Incorporation timescale for a turnkey company 1 day
Country 26681

General information shortly

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Total area Population Capital Unemployment Corruption perceptions index rank
264 sq. km 54.914 (2013) George Town 6.3% (2013) no data
Location Western Caribbean Sea
National currency Caymanian dollar
Conditional reduction of currency KYD
Against USD 0.82
Climate, average max and min t° Tropical marine; warm, rainy summers (May to October) and cool, relatively dry winters (November to April)
Time difference from Moscow - 9 hours
Dialing code +1-345
State language English
Ethnic groups Mixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%
Literacy rate 98%
Government type British overseas territory; parliamentary democracy
Executive branch the Queen and the Government, consisting of the Governor and the Cabinet
Legislative branch Legislative Assembly (20 seats)
Judicial branch Disciplinary Court, Supreme Court, Court of Appeal and Privy Council in London
GDP per capita rank 17 (2004)

Corporate info

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Shelf companies permitted Legal system Incorporation timescale for a turnkey company Cyrillic alphabet permitted in company name Local registered office
Yes based on English Common Law 1 day No Yes
Types of entity ordinary resident company; ordinary non-resident company; exempted company; limited partnership; exempted limited partnership
Incorporation timescale for a new company 1 business day
Company suffix Ltd or Limited or no suffix
Sensitive words “Chamber of Commerce”, “building society”, “royal”, “imperial”, “empire”, “municipal”, “chartered”, “co-operative”, “assurance”, “bank”, “insurance”, “trust”, “gaming” or “lottery”
Local registered agent Yes
Information to be kept at the registered office register of Directors, Shareholders, Mortgages, Partnership Interests
Seal required, type of seal not required
Redomiciliation (to, from) permitted permitted

Director and secretary

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Minimum number of directors Residency requirements for directors Corporate directors permitted Disclosure to local agent Disclosure to public
1 No Yes Yes No
Directors’ meetings/frequency/location No requirements
Company secretary required No
Residency requirements for a secretary No
Qualified secretary required No
Corporate secretary permitted No

Shareholder and beneficiary

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Minimum number of shareholders Residency requirements for shareholders Corporate shareholder permitted Disclosure to local agent Disclosure to public
1 No Yes Yes No
Meetings/frequency/location No requirements
Beneficiary info disclosure to No

Shares and share capital

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Minimum authorized share capital Minimum issued share capital Minimum paid share capital Authorized capital payment deadlines Bearer shares permitted
No requirements 1 share No requirements No requirements Yes
Issued capital payment deadlines No requirements
Standard currency US dollar
Standard authorized share capital 5000
Standard par value of shares 1
Shares with no par value permitted Yes

Taxes

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Min. rate for corporate tax Capital gains tax VAT Withholding tax Exchange control
No No No No No
Personal tax No
Corporate tax (in detail) There is no corporation tax in Cayman.
Capital gains tax. Details There is no capital gains tax in Cayman.
VAT. Details There is no VAT in Cayman.
Other taxes No
Stamp duty 7.5% (transfer of real property)

Accounts

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Requirement to file accounts Publicly accessible accounts Audit required Requirement to file Annual Return Publicly accessible Annual Return
No No No Yes No
Requirement to prepare accounts No
Double tax treaties network 1
Tax Exchange Information Agreement network 19
OECD member No
Offshore/onshore status according to the RF laws Yes

GENERAL INFORMATION

General Info

The Cayman Islands are a British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea.
Total area of the country is 264 sq. km. The population is 54.914 (2013). Among ethnic groups are mixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%.
The capital is George Town.
The official language is English.
The currency is Cayman Islands Dollar (KYD). 1 USD is equal to 0.82 KYD.
Climate of the Cayman Islands is tropical marine; warm, rainy summers (May to October) and cool, relatively dry winters (November to April).
Time difference with Moscow is - 8 hours.
Literacy rate is 98%.
Calling code is +1-345.

History

Islands Cayman Brac and Little Cayman were discovered by Christopher Columbus on May 10, 1503 during his fourth expedition to the New World.
England took formal control of the Cayman Islands, along with Jamaica, as a result of the Treaty of Madrid of 1670. Following several unsuccessful attempts at settlement, a permanent English-speaking population in the islands dates from the 1730s.
The islands continued to be governed as part of the Colony of Jamaica until 1962, when they became a separate Crown colony while Jamaica became an independent Commonwealth realm.
The Cayman Islands historically have been a tax-exempt destination. The islands have never levied income tax, capital gains tax, or any wealth tax, making them a popular tax haven.

Government Type

The Cayman Islands are a British overseas territory and a parliamentary democracy.
The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II represented by a Governor-General. A Governor-General is appointed by the Queen on the advice of the British Government for a 4-year term.
Executive power vested in the Queen and is exercised by the Government, consisting of the Governor and the Cabinet. The Cabinet is composed of two official members and seven elected members, called ministers; one of whom is designated Premier.
Legislative power is vested in a 20-seat Legislative Assembly is elected by the people every four years. Of the elected Members of the Legislative Assembly, seven are chosen to serve as government ministers in a Cabinet headed by the Governor. The Premier is appointed by the Governor.
Judicial power comprises Disciplinary Court, Supreme Court, Court of Appeal and Privy Council in London.

Economy

The Cayman Islands is a prosperous offshore financial center. There 68 thousand companies registered here, including 500 banks, 800 insurance companies and 5 thousand mutual investment funds.
The basis of the economy is tourism – 70% of GDP and 75% of foreign exchange earnings. There are more than 2 million tourists visiting the Islands annually, mainly from the US and Canada.
With an average income of around KYD$47,000, Caymanians have the highest standard of living in the Caribbean. However, almost all food products and consumer products are imported. Import amounts $867 million (2004), and export — only $2,5 million (mainly turtle meat and turtle shell as well as shark skin).
For home consumption vegetable and fruit are grown, dairy farming is being developed.
The government's primary source of income is indirect taxation. An import duty of 5% to 22% (automobiles 29.5% to 100%) is levied against goods imported into the islands.

CORPORATE INFORMATION

Legal System

The Cayman Islands’ legal system is based on English common law.
The Companies Law 1961 (as amended, chiefly in 1990, 1995) is based on English law and is the main law governing companies in Cayman. The most recent revision came with the Companies (Amendment) Law, 2011, effective April 27, 2011.

Types of Entity

The principal forms of business organization in Cayman are:

  • ordinary resident company;
  • ordinary non-resident company;
  • exempted company;
  • limited partnership;
  • exempted limited partnership

For offshore solutions, the most common structure is the exempted company.

Exempted Companies

Where the proposed activities of a company are to be carried out mainly outside of the Cayman Islands - offshore - the registrants can apply for registration as an exempted company.
Features of such companies include the following:

  • An exempted company is not required to keep a register of members open for public inspection (a requirement for resident and non-resident companies).
  • An exempted company is not required to hold an annual general meeting in the islands (which resident and non-resident companies must).
  • An exempted company may alter its Memorandum and Articles of Association without restriction, but must notify the Registrar of any changes.
  • An exempted company may offer shares to the public in Cayman if listed on the Cayman Islands Stock Exchange (CSX).
  • An exempted company may issue shares with nominal or no par value.
  • The annual return to the Registrar requires a declaration that: (1) no changes, other than those notified to the Registrar, have been made in the Memorandum of Association; (2) the provisions of the Companies Law have been observed; (3) the company’s operations have been mainly outside the Cayman Islands; and (4) all bearer shares are kept by an approved custodian.
  • An exempted company is not required to include the word "Limited" or the abbreviation "Ltd." after its name.
  • The Registrar must give one month’s notice before taking action to strike off an exempted company.
  • An exempted company may express its capital in any currency or in multiple currencies.

REGISTRATION

Company Name

There is a range of requirements to the name of exempted company in Cayman:

  • Company name should not be identical with a name by which a company in existence is already registered or any translated name entered on the register of companies, or so nearly resembles such name or translated name so as to be calculated to deceive, except where the company in existence is in the course of being dissolved and signified its consent in such manner as the Registrar requires;
  • Company name should not contain the following words - “Chamber of Commerce”, “building society”, “royal”, “imperial”, “empire”, “municipal”, “chartered”, “co-operative”, “assurance”, “bank”, “insurance”, “trust”, “gaming” or “lottery”;
  • Company name should not in the opinion of the Registrar suggest the patronage of Her Majesty or of any member of the Royal Family or connection with Her Majesty’s Government or any department thereof in the United Kingdom or elsewhere; or connection with any public board or other local authority or with any society or body incorporated by Royal Charter;
  • An exempted company is not required to include the word "Limited" or the abbreviation "Ltd." after its name.

Registration of an Exempted Company

The following steps are required to incorporate an exempted company in the Cayman Islands:

  1. Check with the Registrar of Companies to see if the desired business name is available
  2. Prepare a memorandum of understanding, articles of association and a declaration from the subscriber to the effect that the operation of the Company will be conducted mainly outside the Cayman Islands
  3. Submit at least two copies of the company documents to the Registrar and pay the filing fee : it is recommended to apply through a local agent.

A Company shall be deemed to be registered, and the Registrar shall issue a Certificate of Incorporation.
The Certificate of Incorporation will generally be issued within five working days.

Restriction on Activities

The following restrictions apply on Cayman exempted company’s activities:

  • The proposed activities of a company are to be carried out mainly outside of the Cayman Islands.
  • A Company may not trade in the Cayman Islands with any person, firm or corporation except in furtherance of the business of the Company carried on outside the Cayman Islands.
  • A Company that is not listed on the Cayman Islands Stock Exchange is prohibited from making any invitation to the public in the Cayman Islands to subscribe for any of its securities.
  • Certain activities are regulated in the Cayman Islands and a Company may be required to obtain a licence or to register with CIMA if it wishes to carry on such activities. These include banking business, trust business, company management, insurance business, mutual fund administration, business of a mutual fund and securities investment business.

Local Registered Office

All companies must have a registered office in the Cayman Islands. For exempted and non-resident companies this must be provided by a local CIMA licensed company management, law or accountancy practice or trust company.
Notice of the situation of such registered office shall be given to the Registrar and recorded by him and shall be published by Public Notice. Until such notice is given and published, the company shall not be deemed to have complied with this Law with respect to having a registered office.
The following information should be kept at the registered office:

  • register of Directors, Shareholders, Mortgages, Partnership Interests

Seal

There is no statutory requirement for an exempted company to have a common seal.

Redomicile

The redomiciliation of companies to or from the Cayman Islands is permitted.
The Companies Law permits the registration of a company with limited liability and share capital which is incorporated in a foreign jurisdiction whose laws permit or do not prohibit the relocation of the company to become a Cayman Islands exempted company.
An exempted company incorporated and registered with limited liability and a share capital under Companies Law, including a company registered by way of continuation, which proposes to be registered by way of continuation as a body corporate limited by shares under the laws of any jurisdiction outside the Islands may apply to the Registrar to be de-registered in the Islands.

WINDING-UP

Voluntary Winding-up

A Company may be wound up voluntarily:

  • when the period, if any, fixed for the duration of the Company by the Articles expires, or whenever the event, if any, occurs, upon the occurrence of which it is provided by its Memorandum and Articles that the Company is to be dissolved, and the Company has, by special resolution of its members, adopted a special resolution requiring the Company to be wound up voluntarily; or
  • if the Company has, by ordinary resolution of its members, adopted an ordinary resolution requiring the Company to be wound up voluntarily on the basis that it is unable to pay its debts as they fall due.

The winding up of a Company will occur automatically, however, to the extent that the necessary procedures have not been followed, the passing of the fixed duration or the occurrence of a certain event is grounds for a petition to the court by a creditor or member on the basis that the Company did not wind itself up as required.

Liquidator

Upon the commencement of the winding up a liquidator is appointed (although, it should be noted that the appointment of a voluntary liquidator shall only take effect upon the filing of his consent to act with the Registrar). There are no restrictions on who may act as liquidator on a solvent winding up, but the need to comply with certain duties and procedures under Cayman Islands law means that generally a professional in the Cayman Islands is appointed. However, where the court appoints the liquidator, the liquidator is required to be a qualified insolvency practitioner under the Insolvency Practitioners Regulations 2008. The liquidator steps into the shoes of the directors and is responsible for gathering in the assets of the Company, satisfying its liabilities and then distributing the remaining amounts to the shareholders in accordance with the Articles.
Within 28 days of the commencement of a voluntary winding up, the liquidator, or in the absence of a liquidator, the directors shall make certain statutory filings with the Registrar including a notice of winding up, the liquidators consent to act and (where the supervision of the court is not being sought) a declaration of solvency (signed by all the directors). The notice of the winding up is required to be published in the Cayman Islands in the Gazette. Any liquidator or director who fails to comply with such filing requirements is liable to a fine of US$10,000.

Dissolution

Once the above process is complete, a final shareholders' meeting is held and the liquidator's accounts are approved. The liquidators make their final return to the Registrar informing the Registrar that the liquidation has been completed. Three months after the liquidators have submitted their final return, the Company is deemed to be dissolved and, from that point on, ceases to exist.

Striking off

Alternatively, where the Registrar has reasonable cause to believe that a Company is not carrying on business or is not in operation (including upon the submission of a director of the Company), he may strike the Company off the register and the Company shall thereupon be dissolved. If a Company or any member or creditor thereof feels aggrieved by the Company having been struck off the register in accordance with the Law, the court on the application of such Company, member or creditor made within two years or such longer period not exceeding ten years as the Governor may allow of the date on which the Company was so struck off, may, if satisfied that the Company was, at the time of the striking off thereof, carrying on business or in operation, or otherwise, that it is just that the Company be restored to the register, order the name of the Company to be restored to the register.
Any property vested in or belonging to any Company struck off the register under the Law shall thereupon vest in the Financial Secretary and shall be subject to disposition by the Governor, or to retention for the benefit of the Cayman Islands.
Winding up is therefore a more final form of terminating a Company than striking it off.

COMPANY STRUCTURE

Directors

An exempted company shall be managed by at least one director who may be an individual or a company. There are no residency or qualification requirements for directors.
A Company is not required to hold board meetings in the Cayman Islands or anywhere else unless so required by its Articles.
Every company shall keep at its registered office a register of directors and officers, containing the names and addresses of its directors, and shall –

  • send a copy of such register to the Registrar within ninety days of the registration of the company; and
  • notify the Registrar of any change that takes place in such directors or officers including a change of the name of such directors or officers, within thirty days of any such change.

Any company which fails to comply with any of the provisions of section 55, shall incur a penalty of one thousand dollars and a further penalty of one hundred dollars for every day during which the default continues, and every director and manager of the company who shall knowingly and wilfully authorise or permit such default shall incur the like penalty.

Secretary

There is no statutory requirement for a secretary in Cayman.

Shareholders

A Company must have a minimum of one shareholder at any time. Unless provided for in the Articles, there is no maximum number of shareholders.
Shareholders may be either a natural person or a corporate entity. There are no residency requirements for shareholders of a Company.
A Company is not required to hold shareholder meetings in the Cayman Islands or anywhere else unless so required by its Articles.
A Company shall cause to be kept a register of its members containing the names and addresses of the members of the Company, the shares held by each member, the amount paid, or agreed to be considered as paid, on the shares of each member, the date on which the name of any person was entered on the register as a member, and the date on which any person ceased to be a member.
The Register of Members is not open to public inspection and there is no statutory right for any person (including members or creditors) to review it. This register need not be kept in the Cayman Islands.

Beneficiary

Beneficiaries’ details do not appear on a public profile. Generally, service providers including firm specializing in company formation, trust managers, lawyers, and accountants, keep beneficiaries’ information in strict confidentiality.

Share Capital and Shares

There is no minimum capital requirement. A Company must have at least one share in issue, but there is no minimum paid-in capital requirement.
An exempted company may express its capital in any currency or in multiple currencies.
Bearer shares are permitted.
Shares can be issued at a par or a non-par value.
Standard amount of capital is 5000 US dollars.

TAXATION

Personal Taxes

There is no personal income tax on individuals.

Corporate Income Tax

None.

Capital Gains Tax

None.

CFC Rules

None.

Withholding Tax

None.

VAT

None.

Social Security Contributions

There are no social security contributions. However, participation in authorized pension funds and health insurance is mandatory.
Contributions are paid by employers with partial reimbursement at the expense of employees.
Employees must contribute at least 5% of their earnings to pension insurance.
Minimum health insurance contributions are shared in equal parts by the employer and the employee.

Stamp Duty

Stamp duty is payable on real estate transactions at the rate of 7.5%. The tax is also paid on transactions involving real estate company shares.
For mortgages and certain other transactions, stamp duty is charged at rates between 1% and 1.5%.

Double Tax Agreements

Cayman Islands has exchange of information relationships with 81 jurisdictions through:
  • 1 DTC: United Kingdom
  • 19 TIEAs: Australia, Canada, Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, United States, Mexico

Exchange Control

There are generally no foreign exchange restrictions.

ACCOUNTS

Accounting Records

A Company shall cause to be kept proper books of account, giving a true and fair view of the state of the Company's affairs and to explain its transactions, with respect to:

  1. all sums of money received and expended by the Company and the matters in respect of which the receipt and expenditure takes place;
  2. all sales and purchases of goods by the Company;
  3. the assets and liabilities of the Company.

Such books of account are to be maintained for a minimum period of five years from the date on which they were prepared. Any comply that knowingly and wilfully fails to company with the foregoing shall be subject to a penalty.

Financial Statements

For a Company that is not regulated or licensed under any other law, no financial statements need to be filed with any Cayman Islands governmental agency, and no annual audit is required.

Annual Return

An annual return must also be filed on or before 31 January in every year.
The annual return to the Registrar requires a declaration that:
  1. no changes, other than those notified to the Registrar, have been made in the Memorandum of Association;
  2. the provisions of the Companies Law have been observed;
  3. the company’s operations have been mainly outside the Cayman Islands; and
  4. all bearer shares are kept by an approved custodian.

Tax Returns

Not applicable.

TRUSTS

Exempted Trusts

Trust law in the Cayman Islands is based on English law, subject to some statutory modifications. There are no restrictions on the accumulation of income. Trust deeds can allow for fixed or discretionary interests.
There are no taxes on trust in the Cayman Islands.
There are three types of trusts –

  • the ordinary trust;
  • the exempted trust and
  • the alternative regime, STAR

Trust law provisions relating to exempted trusts require that a trust deed be delivered to the Registrar of Trusts. The filed trust documents are open to inspection by the trustee and any other person authorized by the trust, but they are not open for public inspection.
All rights and remedies with respect to a discretionary trust are vested in the Registrar of Trusts and not the beneficiaries.

The Special Trusts (Alternative Regime) Law

The Special Trusts (Alternative Regime) Law (“STAR”) complements the preexisting traditional trust framework and is Cayman’s response to the popular demand for non-charitable purpose trusts. STAR permits the creation of trusts for any object, whether persons, purposes or both, provided they are lawful and not contrary to public policy.

Features of STAR trusts include the following:

  • STAR applies to a trust only if this intent is specifically mentioned in the trust instrument.
  • STAR is highly flexible, allowing for trusts of all kinds to be created.
  • Enforcers must be designated.
  • One of the trustees must be a Caymanlicensed trust company.
  • STAR trusts are exempt from the rule against perpetuities.
  • STAR trusts must not include land in the Cayman Islands.

Registration of Trusts and Anuual Fees

Description Fee CI$ Fee US$
Registration Fee 500.00 609.76
Annual Fee 500.00 609.76
Certificate 125.00 152.44
Filing Fee 75.00 91.46
Express - Certificate/Filing 100.00 121.95
Express Registration 400.00 487.80

International law relations

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Party to the Hague Convention (Apostille) Legal system Double tax treaties network OECD member Offshore/onshore status according to the RF laws
Yes based on English Common Law 1 No Yes

Public authorities and legal acts

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List of laws and regulations
Act name Scope of law
Companies Law (2013 Revision) companies
Banks and Trust Companies Law (2013 Revision) banks and trust companies
Tax treaties entered United Kingdom
Tax Exchange Information Agreement (TEIA) Australia, Canada, Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, United States, Mexico
List of state regulatory authorities
Cayman Islands Government http://www.gov.ky/portal/page/portal/cighome
Department of Commerce and Investment http://www.investcayman.gov.ky/portal/page/portal/ivbhome
Cayman Islands General Registry http://www.cima.ky/corporate-services-regulatory-measures
Cayman Islands Financial Services http://www.caymanfinance.gov.ky/portal/page/portal/pruhome
Cayman Islands Tax Information authority http://www.tia.gov.ky/
Offical Gazette http://www.gazettes.gov.ky/portal/page/portal/gazhome
Caymanian Bar Association http://www.caymanbar.org.ky

    Legal Partner of Review:

    Overseas Management Company (OMC)

    Overseas Management Company (OMC) founded in 1955 specializes in the provision of corporate, fiduciary and administrative services from principal jurisdictions around the world. Our services include company formation, private interest foundations, post incorporation and legal services, nominees, trust & fiduciary, administrative & accounting, ship & yacht registration. OMC provides immediate access to the principal jurisdictions of Anguilla, BVI, Bahamas, Belize, Cayman, Cyprus, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Malta, Nevis, Panama, Seychelles, Singapore, among others.

    Cayman Islands Company Formation

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