Andorra tax system - taxation of Andorran companies and individuals: VAT, income tax and capital gains. Tax treaties of Andorra.
Basic taxes (briefly)
|Corporate tax (in detail)||Corporate tax is paid at the rate of 10%.|
|Capital gains tax. Details||Capital gains are included in the general tax base.|
|VAT. Details||The standard rate is 4,5%; reduced rates are1% and 0% for some particular products; 9,5% for bank services.|
|Other taxes||social contributions, real estate tax, real estate transfer tax|
International tax agreement
|France, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal, Spain, United Arab Emirates|
|Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greenland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Spain, Sweden|
Taxation of individuals
Personal income tax is paid at the following rates:
- 0% on income up to 24,000 EUR;
- 5% on income from 24,001 EUR to 40,000 EUR;
- 10% on income over 40,000 EUR.
On capital gains, in general, the tax is paid at the rate of 10%.
Capital gains are included in the total tax base. Real estate gains are taxed at the rates from 1% to 15% depending on the period of possession prior to the sale; this tax does not apply to the sale of real estate after 10 years of possession.
Resident companies pay tax on their worldwide income, non-residents pay tax on income from sources in Andorra.
Income tax is paid at a rate of 10%.
Dividends received may be exempt from taxation under a number of conditions.
Capital gains are included in the total tax base.
Profit from the sale of real estate is taxed at rates from 1% to 15% depending on the period of ownership before the sale, if real estate is sold after 10 years of ownership this tax does not apply.
Profit from the sale of real estate is also included in the income tax base with a credit for real estate sale tax.
Holding companies holding shares in foreign companies may, under certain conditions, not pay income tax on dividends received and gains from the sale of shares.
The standard rate of VAT is 4.5%.
For certain goods and services, the rate is 2.5%, 1% and 0%, and for banking and financial services it is 9.5%.
Dividend and interest payments to non-residents are not subject to withholding taxes.
When paying royalties, the tax is 5%.
Tax is withheld at 10% on payments for technical services.
Employers have to pay social contribution on employees' remuneration at the rate of 14.5%, employees - at the rate of 5.5%.
Local property taxes are paid depending on the size of the property.
Real estate transfer tax
On the transfer of real estate, tax is usually paid at rates ranging from 1.75% to 2.5%.
International tax treaties
Andorra has entered into the following tax information exchange arrangements:
7 DTCs: France, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal, Spain, United Arab Emirates.
18 TIEAs: Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Greenland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Spain, Sweden.
Andorra has also signed and ratified the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (MLI). The Multilateral Convention entered into force for Andorra on January 1, 2022.
There are no currency controls in the country.
Taxes of Andorra
|Min. rate for corporate tax||10%|
|Capital gains tax||Regular rate|